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Open Access

Open access publishing allows an immediate, worldwide, barrier-free, open access to the full text of research papers, which is in the best interests of the scientific community.

✔ High visibility for maximum global exposure with open access publishing model

✔ Rigorous peer review of research papers

✔ Prompt faster publication with less cost

✔ Guaranteed targeted, multidisciplinary audience

IAEME Publication has played a prominent role in the Open Access movement starting from as early as 2010. All original research papers published by IAEME PUBLICATION are made freely and permanently accessible online immediately upon publication. IAEME PUBLICATION aims to operate at the very forefront of this movement while abiding by its highest possible standards. To that end, IAEME PUBLICATION fully endorses all the officially stated goals of the movement, which are detailed below.


The Open Access movement has grown exponentially ever since its inception just a few years ago. Its ever-expanding presence in the academic world exhibits enormous diversity. Much information on the scope of the movement is available online. The design of the present page is 1) to provide an introduction to Open Access (OA) as a movement, 2) to list the many advantages of publishing through Open Access, and 3) to suggest further readings pertaining to the movement.

In consequence, IAEME PUBLICATION has been delivering, and is delivering, many high quality Open Access journals (Gold OA") involving relatively low publication fees, that is, in effect Article Processing Charges (APC).

Origins of Open Access

The term Open Access (OA) was introduced

1. by the Budapest Open Access Initiative (February 2002),

2. by the Bethesda Statement on Open Access Publishing (June 2003),

3. by the Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities (October 2003).

Their common ground is referred to as the "BBB Definition" in [1]. The BBB Definition is identical to the definition of the Budapest Open Access Initiative (see below).

Budapest Open Access Initiative

The term Open Access (OA) was introduced

"...its free availability on the public internet, permitting any users to read, download, copy, distribute, print, search, or link to the full texts of these articles, crawl them for indexing, pass them as data to software, or use them for any other lawful purpose, without financial, legal, or technical barriers other than those inseparable from gaining access to the internet itself. The only constraint on reproduction and distribution, and the only role for copyright in this domain, should be to give authors control over the integrity of their work and the right to be properly acknowledged and cited."

The reuse rights from this declaration can be described with the Creative Commons license "Attribution" (CC BY)

"We [BOAI] reaffirm the two primary strategies put forward in the BOAI:

• OA through repositories (also called 'green OA') and

• OA through journals (also called 'gold OA')."

Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities

The declaration includes the paragraph "Supporting the Transition to the Electronic Open Access Paradigm". The signatories intend to ...

• encourage researchers/grant recipients to publish their work according to the principlesof the open access paradigm.

• maintain the standards of quality assurance and good scientific practice.

• advocate that open access publication be recognized in promotion and tenure evaluation.

"Concerns that Open Access contravenes the rules of good scientific practice are unfounded, given that the same rules apply here as apply to conventional publications (ban on plagiarism, improper adaptation, etc.)."

IAEME PUBLICATION is working with well-established academics on its Editorial Boards. IAEME PUBLICATION follows DOAJ's criteria on Transparent Editorial Boards. IAEME PUBLICATION follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE).

"Many supporters of Open Access hope it will not only improve accessibility but also serve to keep costs down."

Arguments in favor of Open Access:

• "Increased visibility and higher citation rates"

• "Fast, toll-free access to information"

• "Good findability via search engines and reference services"

• "All the benefits of digital documents"

• "Improved information supply and a way out of the serials crisis"

• "Promotes international and inter-disciplinary cooperation"

• "Greater research efficiency through early discussion of findings"

• "Authors retain exploitation rights"

• "Open access to publicly-funded research results"

• "Long-term document availability"

Selected Organizations, Projects and Activities in Open Access

Most of the examples follow the list in [6]. (If the description of the project is from this source it is put in quotation marks.)

Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ)

"DOAJ is a directory of Open Access journals covering free, full-text, quality-controlled scientific and scholarly journals."

Open Access Scholarly Publishers Association (OASPA)

"The goal of OASPA is to represent and promote the interests of Open Access publishers in all scientific, scholarly and technical disciplines by encouraging communication between them, by setting quality standards, and by advancing the development of business and publishing models.

Scholarly Publishing and Academic Resources Coalition (SPARC)

"SPARC is an alliance of academies, university libraries and research organizations which promotes and develops low-cost alternatives to traditional publishing strategies."

SPARC Europe

SPARC Europe is a membership organization for European research libraries and research organizations. Its mission is to create change and build a better scholarly communication system for the future.


"ResearchGATE is an online social network for scholars and scientists. In addition to generating a profile page, it offers users the opportunity to communicate with fellow researchers, to manage their references and to search in various databases. The platform has been online since May 2008 and by its own account it already has 140 000 members ... [who] make a full-text version of the[ir] publication[s] available in Open Access."

Open Access Library (OALib)

The Open Access Library is a Search Engine, based on a database with metadata of Open Access papers. It contains OALib Journal, a scholarly, peer-reviewed, open access journal covering all subject areas in STM (Science, Technology and Medicine) as well as Social Sciences. Furthermore, it contains a repository with own OALibPrePrints as well as external preprints and postprints, all stored in one of the 322 OALib Disciplinary Repositories.

Further Reading

Recommended for further reading is [1]:

SUBER, Peter: Open Access. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013. "The Internet lets us share perfect copies of our work with a worldwide audience at virtually no cost. We take advantage of this revolutionary opportunity when we make our work "open access": digital, online, free of charge, and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions. Open access is made possible by the Internet and copyright-holder consent ... for 350 years, scholars have written peer-reviewed journal articles for impact, not for money, and are free to consent to open access without losing revenue."

Follow this link for best online viewing of the book.


[1] SUBER, Peter: Open Access. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press, 2013. Available from:

[2] OPEN SOCIETY INSTITUTE: Budapest Open Access Initiative: Ten years on from the Budapest Open Access Initiative. Budapest, Hungary, 2012-09-12. Available from:

[3] MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT: Berlin Declaration on Open Access to Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. München, Germany, 2003. Available from:

[4] MAX-PLANCK-GESELLSCHAFT: MPG Open Access Policy. München, Germany, 2003. Available from:

[5] OPEN-ACCESS.NET: Arguments in favour of Open Access. Available from: http://open- arguments_in_favour_of_open_ access.

[6]OPEN-ACCESS.NET: Open Access Projects. Available from:

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