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Aim and Scope
     International Journal of Engineering and Technology Research (IJETR) is a scholarly open access, peer-reviewed, multi-disciplinary scientific research journal focusing on theories, methods and applications in Engineering and Technology. IJETR primarily aims to bring out the research talent and the output of the research work done by Scientists, Academia, Engineers, Practitioners, Scholars, Post Graduate students of Engineering and Technology.  We are taking sincere efforts to promote our journal across the globe and we are confident that our journal will be a scientific platform for all researchers to publish their work online and print medium. IJETR reviews papers within two weeks of submission and publishes accepted articles on-line immediately upon receiving the final version. The abstracts will be indexed and available at major academic databases.

     All submitted manuscripts should report original, previously unpublished research results, experimental or theoretical, and will be peer-reviewed. Articles submitted to the journal should meet these criteria and must not be under consideration for publication elsewhere. Manuscripts should follow the style of the journal and are subject to both review and editing.

    IJETR welcomes submission of manuscripts in all gamuts of Engineering and Technology and their applications in business, industry and other subjects.

Chief Editor

Prof. Antonio Viviani - Aerospace Propulsion and Reacting Flows Unit Seconda Universita di Napoli (DIAM), Roma, Aversa, Italy

Managing Editor

Dr. Karan LCS - IASTER, India

Copy Editor

Mr. Natarajan - IASTER, India

Editorial Board

Dr. Mehrab Mehrvar - Ryerson University, Toronto, Canada

Dr. Ugo Reggiani - Alma Mater Studiorum - University of Bologna Bologna, Italy

Dr. Zainudin Kornain - British Malaysian Institute, Malaysia.

Dr. Ahmad Sedaghat - Australian College of Kuwait, Kuwait City, Kuwait

Dr. Jen-Yu Han - National Taiwan University Taipei, Taiwan

Dr. Mohammad Jannati - Universiti Teknologi Johor Bahru, Malaysia

Dr. Faizan Ahmad - Yeungnam University Republic of Korea

Dr. M.V. Ragahavendra - Adama Science & Technology University, Adama, Ethiopia

Dr. Nurul Fadly Habidin - Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris Perak, Malaysia.

Dr. Hazem Ibrahim Ali - University of Technology Control & Systems Engineering Department, Baghdad, Iraq.

Dr. Yaneng Zhou - University of Pittsburgh U S A

Dr. V. Sugumaran - School of Mechanical & Building Sciences VIT University, Chennai, India

Dr. Damian Beben - Opole University of Technology Poland.

Dr. Anees A. Khadom - College of Engineering, University of Diyala, Baquba City, Diyala, Iraq

Dr. Nazish Irfan - University of Ottawa Canada.

Dr. Dario Assante - Universita Telematica Intermazionale Uninettuno, Roma, Italy.

Dr. Ovidiu Stefan - Technical University of Cluj Napoca, Romania

Dr. Ali Akbarnezhad - The University of New South Wales Sydney, Australia.

Dr. Manoj Kumar Singh - Adama Science & Technology Adama, Ethiopia, Africa

Dr. Muhammad Umair Saleem - The University of Tokyo Tokyo, Japan.

Dr. Daniela Hossu - University Politehnica of Bucharest, Romania

Dr. Faridah Ismail - Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia.

Prof. Antonio Viviani - Seconda Universita di Napoli (SUN), DIAM Roma, Aversa, Italy.

Dr. Leo Chin Jian - University of Sydney Australia

Dr. Jack C.P. Cheng - The Hong Kong University of Science & Technology Hong Kong.

Dr. Vuda Sreenivasa Rao - Bahir Dar University Bahir Dar, Ethiopia

Dr. Meyyappan Venkatesan - Mekelle University, Ethiopia.

Dr. Ahmed Nabih Zaki Rashed - Menoufia University, Menoufia, Egypt.

Dr. Antonella Petrillo - University of Naples, Napoli, Italy

Dr. Bensafi Abd-El-Hamid - Abou Bekr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria

Dr. Naoufal Raissouni - The National Engg School for Applied Sciences of Tetuan, University of Abdelmalek Essaadi, Morocco.

Reviewer Board

Mr. Abhijeet Dasgupta - The University of Sheffield, South Yorkshire, United Kingdom

Mr. Agah Oktay Ertay - Istanbul Technical University, Istanbul, Turkey

Mr. Amol Sadashiv Bhanage - Marathwada Mitra Mandal’s Institute of Technology, Pune, India

Mr. Anil Kumar Dubey - Government Engineering College, Ajmer, India

Mr. Anitha Mary X - Karunya University, Coimbatore, India

Mr. Ashish Kumar Sharma - Manav Bharti University, Solan, HP, India.

Mr. Ayyappan - Sri Subramanya College of Engineering, & Technology, Palani, TN, India

Mr. Bensafi Abd-El-Hamid - Abou Bekr Belkaid University of Tlemcen, Algeria.

Mr. Bipin J Agrawal - The M.S. University of Baroda, India

Mr. Cheruku Sandesh Kumar - Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

Mr. David Solomon Raju - Holy Mary Institute of Technology & Science, Keesara, India.

Mr. Dawit Bogale Alemayehu - Bahir Dar University, Amhara, Ethiopia

Prof. Deepika Bala - Rajiv Gandhi University of Knowledge Technologies, Telangana, India

Prof. Divya C - Manonmaniam Sundaranar University, Tirunelveli, India

Dr. Anbalagan Thangavel - Robert Bosch, India

Dr. Ashish Dhamanda - Gurukula Kangri Vishwavidyalaya, Haridwar, India

Dr. Bineeta Nath - Girijananda Choudhury Institute of Management, Tezpur, India

Dr. C. Swaminathan - Aarupadai Veedu Instt. of Tech., Kanchipuram, India

Dr. Kumar Narayanan - Vels University, Chennai, India

Dr. Pannirselvam - Krishnasamy College of Engineering and Technology, Cuddalore, TN, India

Dr. Prasad Suhas Puranik - Atmiya Institute of Technology & Science, Rajkot, India

Dr. Ravi Kumar Goyal - Jaipur Institute of Technology, Rajasthan, India

Mr. Ebhomienlen Thomas Oseyi - Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma, Nigeria

Mr. Faizan Ahmad - Yeungnam University, Republic of Korea

Mr. Gawande Sagar - ABMSP’s APCOER, Pune, India

Mr. Hamid Torabi - Washington State University, USA

Mr. Hari Kishore Kakarla - KL University, Andhra Pradesh, India

Mr. Husain Mehdi - MIET Group of Institutions, Meerut, India

Mr. Ikvinderpal Singh - SBJS Khalsa College, Amritsar, India

Mr. Magdy Shayboub Ali Mahmoud - Canal University, Egypt

Mr. Manoj Kumar Singh - Adama Science & Technology, Adama, Ethiopia

Mr. Md. Nasar - Bakhtar University, Kabul, Afghanistan

Mr. Meyyappan Venkatesan - Mekelle University, Ethiopia

Mr. Mohammad Jannati - Universiti Teknologi Malaysia, Malaysia

Mr. Mohammad Reza Alizadeh - Rice Research Institute of Iran, Iran

Mr. Naoufal Raissouni - The National Engg School of Applied Sciences, Tetuan, Morocco

Mr. Navaneethakrishnan R - Bharathiyar College of Engineering & Technology, Karaikal, India

Mr. Nikumani Choudhury - Gauhati University, Gauhati, India

Mr. Nurul Fadly Habidin - Universiti Pendidikan Sultan Idris, Malaysia

Mr. Pankaj Bhambri - Guru Nanak Dev Engg College, Ludhiana, India

Mr. Rahul Tiwari - TIT Group of Institutions, Bhopal, India

Mr. Rajashekar Matpathi - Bheemanna Khandre Institute of Technology, Bhalki, Karnataka, India

Mr. Ramachandran Guruprasad - CSIR-National Aerospace Lab (NAL), Bangalore, India

Mr. Ranjith A - Adichunchanagiri Institute of Technology, Chickmagaluru, Karnataka, India

Mr. Ranjithkumr G - Christu Jyothi Institute of Technology & Science

Mr. Ravi Verma - Mahakal Institute of Technology, Ujjain, India

Mr. Sadiq Ullah - University of Engineering & Technology, Peshawar, Pakistan

Mr. Sameer Kumar Devarakonda - RVR & JC College of Engineering, Guntur, A.P, India

Mr. Sergio Fichera - University of Catania, Italy

Mr. Shyam Lal Sharma - Al Falah University, Faridabad, India

Mr. Singh V.K - SR Group of Institutions, Jhansi, India

Mr. Siva Rama Krishna K - Mahaveer Instt of Tech & Science, Hyderabad, India

Mr. Subash T.D - KNSK College of Engineering, Nagercoil, India

Mr. Sumen Deb - Rural Development Department, Government of Tripura, India

Mr. Sunil J Kulkarni - Datta Meghe College of Engineering, Navi Mumbai, India

Mr. Suresh - Asan Memorial College of Engineering. & Technology, Chennai

Mr. Talal Kassem - College of Engineering, Taif University, Saudi Arabia

Prof. Tanupriya Choudhury - Lingaya's University, Faridabad, Haryana, India

Mr. Thirugnanasambandham - Kongu Engineering College, Perundurai, India

Mr. Tribikram Pradhan - Manipal University, MIT, Karnataka, India

Prof. Vaishali Yadav - Amity University Rajasthan, Jaipur, India

Mr. Vasudha Vashisht - Lingaya's University, Faridabad, Haryana, India.

Mr. Zaliman Sauli - Universiti Malaysia Perlis, Malaysia

For Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.
Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to

Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter

First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)

1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

ABSTRACT (12 Bold)

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)

Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)


The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)


The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)


The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference [4] or an equation (3) designation. (12)


To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.

Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.

Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself


A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)


An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)


This heading is not assigned a number.

A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., [3]). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.

Examples follow:

ournal Papers:

[1] M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)


[2] R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.

Chapters in Books:

[3] P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.


[4] D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)

Proceedings Papers:

[5] W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)

Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is double blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
IAEME Publication is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance..
IAEME Publication follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.
Please find more general information for authors on the page: Information for Authors.

IAEME Publication Fees

IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.

Article Processing Charges explained

We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.

When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at IAEME Publications to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:

✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks

✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process

✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format

✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through IAEME Publications

✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies

✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.

✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems

The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.

IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.

Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)

Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.

Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher

When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.

With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.

Refund Policy

Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.

Subject Area
The topics to be covered by this journal include but are not limited to the following fields:
• Acoustics Engineering
• Aerospace Engineering
• Agricultural Engineering
• Architecture & Planning
• Automotive Engineering
• Bio-Technology
• Chemical Engineering
• Civil Engineering
• Computer Engineering
• Electrical Engineering, 
• Electronics & Communication Engineering
• Engineering Chemistry
• Engineering Mathematics
• Engineering Physics
• Engineering Sciences, 
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• Materials Engineering
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• Mineral & Metallurgical Engineering
• Mining Engineering
• Nano Technology
• Naval Architectural Engineering
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• Reverse Engineering
• Software Engineering

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