MIGRATION AND REMIGRATION OF MIGRANT WORKERS - IMPACT OF COVID-19Vaddadi Madhusudhana Rao 1 ; V. Vijay Lakshmi 2
2 Professor, Dr. B.R. Ambedkar College of Law, Andhra University, Visakhapatnam-530003, Andhra Pradesh, India.
Article Id - IJSSRD_05_02_002, Pages : 26-37, Date of Publication : 10, August 2023
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Migration is the movement of people away from their usual place of residence, across either internal areas within the country or international places across the globe. Whereas, remigration is a special type of outmigration or emigration in which an international immigrant or interprovincial migrant migrates to a place different than that of birth or last permanent residence. In this context this study highlighted the involuntary and forced nature of reverse migration due to the sudden lockdown with Covid-19 Pandemic, lack of preparedness and planning among the government, the irresponsible behaviour of the employers and social hostility against the migrants. Lack of migrant data and registration in welfare schemes excluded most of them from the relief package benefits. The COVID-19 crisis has magnified several pre-existing problems faced by the migrant communities which led them to suffer invariably at different stages of their reverse migration. This crisis, therefore, should be used as an opportunity to bring positive measures and requires strong political will to implement them. The effective reintegration of the internal and international migrants in the post-COVID economy is an important policy issue which would entail collecting latest data, job creation which matches their skill set, inclusion in welfare schemes, portability of social security benefits taking into consideration the mobile nature of migrant communities. The Indian Community Welfare Fund should be mobilized not only in times of crisis but also in reducing the migration costs for international migrants. For better policy making, government must integrate with the civil society which has good outreach with the migrant communities at the grass root level.
Migration, Remigration, Migrant Workers, Covid-19
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