BEHAVIOURAL TENDENCY ANALYSIS TOWARDS E-PARTICIPATION FOR VOTING IN POLITICAL ELECTIONS USING SOCIAL WEBHussain Saleem 1 ; Jamshed Butt 2 ; Abida Siddiqui 3 ; Samina Saleem 4 ; Amin S. Lalani 5 ; Mohammad Awang 6
2 Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Malaysia., PAF-KIET – Karachi Institute of Economics & Technology, Karachi, Pakistan.
3 University of Sindh, Jamshoro, Pakistan.
4 University of Karachi, Karachi, Pakistan.
5 The Cyber Bridge, Karachi, Pakistan.
6 Limkokwing University of Creative Technology, Malaysia.
Article Id - IJM_12_04_065, Pages : 771-794, Date of Publication : 30, April 2021
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Scopedatabase Link : https://sdbindex.com/Document/document_search?title=BEHAVIOURAL TENDENCY ANALYSIS TOWARDS E-PARTICIPATION FOR VOTING IN POLITICAL ELECTIONS USING SOCIAL WEB&type=1
This study focuses on social media and its influence on politics considering behavioural tendency towards online e-participation for voting in elections. “Electronic Participation” i.e. E-Participation extended with E-Voting using social media mobilizes citizen to cast vote remotely without any fear of opponent worker influence etc. Pakistan is a country with rich and diverse demographical characteristics. Most of the political parties use social media as a venue to promote election campaigns while approaching every registered individual voter of the country’s population. Usually, the rise in usage of social media platform reaches a maximum peak rapidly after the release of the election schedule. The analytical and hypothetical study focusing on the intention for voting is conducted considering the factors of religiosity, ethnicity, and use of social media to influence election results..
Behavioural Tendency, Elections, E-Participation, E-Voting, Hypothetical Study, Politics, Social Media, Social Web.
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 A. M. Rana and H. Saleem, "Novel Integrated Sensor Based Sleep Apnea Monitoring and Tracking System Using Soft Computing and Persuasive Technology for Healthcare Support," International Journal of Systems Signal Control and Engineering Application (ISSN-p: 1997-5422), pp. 43-48, 2014.
 A. M. Rana and H. Saleem, "Novel Integrated Sensor based Sleep Apnea Monitoring and Tracking System using Soft Computing and Persuasive Technology for Healthcare Support," in 9th International Conference on Innovative Trends in Management, Information, Technologies, Computing and Engineering (ITMITCE – 2014), Istanbul, Turkey, 2014.
 H. Saleem and M. S. A. Khan, "Towards Generation of Alternate Electrical Energy via Paddling Impact: Protracted Design and Implementation," International Journal of Computer Applications (IJCA), vol. 107, no. 2, pp. 1-6, 2014.
 S. Afzal, M. Z. A. Khan and H. Saleem, "A Proposed OEIC Circuit with Two Metal Layer Silicon Waveguide and Low Power Photonic Receiver Circuit," International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI), vol. 9, no. 5(1), pp. 355-358, 2012.
 S. Afzal, M. Z. A. Khan and H. Saleem, "A Proposed Silicon Optical Electronic Integrated Circuit with Monolithic Integration of LED, OPFET and Receiver Circuit," International Organization for Scientific Research - Journal of Computer Engineering (IOSR-JCE), vol. 6, no. 4, pp. 42-46, 2012.
 A. J. Kimmel and P. J. Kitchen, "Word of Mouth and Social Media," pp. 2-4, 2014.
 S. A. Buzdar, M. A. Khan, A. Nazir, M. Gadhi, A. H. Nizamani and H. Saleem, "Effect of Change in Orientation of Enhanced Dynamic Wedges on Radiotherapy Treatment Dose," International Journal of Advancements in Research & Technology (IJoART), vol. 2, no. 5, pp. 496-501, 2013.
 M. Y. Channa, A. H. Nizamani, H. Saleem, W. A. Bhutto, A. M. Soomro and M. Y. Soomro, "Surface Ion Trap Designs for Vertical Ion Shuttling," IJCSNS International Journal of Computer Science and Network Security, vol. 19, no. 4, 2019.
 M. Z. A. Khan, H. Saleem and S. Afzal, "Review of ASITIC (Analysis and Simulation of Inductors and Transformers for Integrated Circuits) Tool to Design Inductor on Chip," International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI), vol. 9, no. 4(2), pp. 196-201, 2012.
 S. A. Raza, H. Saleem and S. Habib-ur-Rehman, "MCMC Simulation of GARCH Model to Forecast Network Traffic Load," International Journal of Computer Science Issues (IJCSI), vol. 9, no. 3(2), pp. 277-284, 2012.
 H. Saleem, Z. Khatoon, J. Butt, S. Saleem and K. Nadeem, "Hypothetical Study of Student’s Academic Performance influenced by Parent’s Educational and Financial Status," International Journal of Management (IJM), ISSN: 0976-6510, vol. 12, no. 4, 2021.
 H. Saleem, "Cloud-Based Secure and Reliable Feature-Driven Controlled Automated Software Testing," 2021.
 H. Saleem, "Towards Study and Determination of WSN Wireless Sensor Networks Simulators based on QoS and Performance Measures," 2021.
 H. Saleem, A. Siddiqui, J. Butt and S. Saleem, "Smart Education and Learning Model for Teaching with Hybrid Methodology amid COVID19 Pandemic," International Journal of Management (IJM), vol. 12, 2021.
International Journal of Management (IJM) is indexed in Scope Database from 2010 to 2021
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Total citation of 4975 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021
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Total citation of 131 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021
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Total citation of 4470 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021, H-index - 21, i10_index - 105
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Aim and Scope
International Journal of Management(IJM) is a peer-reviewed, Online and Print journal published by IAEME Publication. IJM aims at providing an intellectual platform for high quality research encompassing all the sub-domains of Management.
IJM is an international forum for research that advances the theory and practice of management. The journal publishes original works with practical significance and academic value. Authors are invited to submit theoretical or empirical papers in all aspects of management. International Journal of Management (IJM) publishes research articles, case studies and reviews within the whole field of Management Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in management subject.
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Dr. K.K.Ramachandran - GRD Institute of Management, India
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Dr. Pratap Raghunath Desai - Bharati Vidyapeeth University,Maharashtra.
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Dr. N. Mahesh - Dhanraj Baid Jain Institute of Management, India.
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Dr. S.Senthil Kumar - SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamilnadu, India
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Dr. Matthias Kammer - Technical University of Munich, Germany
Dr. Anni Arnav - Dayananda Sagar University, Karnataka, India
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Prof. S. Umamaheswari - Assistant Professor, School of management studies, Sathyabama university, Chennai, India.
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Dr. Anish K Ravi - Chennai Business School , India
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Dr. Anamika Rawat - Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies, SRK University, Bhopal, India
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Dr. Madhavi Madireddy - Professor in Management and Director, Aurora’s PG College, Ramanthapur, Hyderabad, India
Dr. Subramanian Shanmugam - Associate Professor, Department of Commerce & Business Studies, School of Management, Central University of South Bihar, India
Prof. Suneetha. Naisa - Associate Professor, Department of M.B.A, Pulla Reddy Institute of Computer Science, Telangana, India
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Dr. Bamrara.A - HNB Garhwal University, India
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Prof. Sanobar Anjum - Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Saudi Arabia
Dr. Deepika Ttiwari - Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, India
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Dr. Hari Sundar.G. Ram - Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering, India
Dr. Anshul Gangele - Institute of Technology & Management, India
Dr. Davinder Sharma - BCIPS, India
Prof. Srinivas K T - CIMS - B School, India
Dr. B.Ravi Kumar - Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, India
Dr. Rajesh U Kanthe - BVDU, India
Dr. Swaranjeet Arora - Prestige Institute of Management and Research, Indore, India
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Dr. M.A.Lahori - Anekant Institute of Management Studies, Baramati, Pune, India
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Prof. Shraddha Chowdhary - Kasturba Gandhi College for Women, Secunderabad, India
Dr. Sivanesan R - St.Jerome's College of Arts and Science,Tamilnadu, India
Prof. Shraddha Mayuresh Bhome - Future Institute Of Engineering and Management and Future Business School, India
Dr. V.Rama Devi - Sikkim Central University, Sikkim, India
Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter
First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)
1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)
2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)
ABSTRACT (12 Bold)
The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)
Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)
I. INTRODUCTION (12 BOLD)
The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)
II. HEADINGS (12 BOLD)
The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.
The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)
III. INDENTATIONS AND EQUATIONS(12 BOLD)
The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference  or an equation (3) designation. (12)
IV. FIGURES AND TABLES(12 BOLD)
To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.
Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.
Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself
V. CONCLUSION (12 BOLD)
A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)
VI. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS(12 Bold)
An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)
REFERENCES (12 BOLD)
This heading is not assigned a number.
A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., ). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.
 M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)
 R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.
Chapters in Books:
 P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.
 D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)
 W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)
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