Hemant Chauhan 1
1 Associate Professor, School of Management, Graphic Era Hill University, Dehradun, Uttarakhand, India.

Article Id - IJM_10_04_035, Pages : 352-363, Date of Publication : 26, August 2019

DOI:   6 Downloads   40 Views   0 Citation
Google Scholar Link
Academia Link
Scopedatabase Link : FADS AND BRANDS PREFERRED BY YOUTH&type=1


These days, we know what's trendy a lot better than ever before, thanks to the proliferation of cookery programmes and social media.  What's the Deal, a Fad or a Trend? The bottom line is how long you live. Most people's love for a certain cuisine trend lasts for years. However, most fads don't last long. Those with low levels of popularity are quickly forgotten. There is a rising awareness and desire to consume nutritious organic fresh food as part of a growing lifestyle trend towards healthy living. As a result, "Super Foods" have become popular. Among them are:
a. Kale – Salads, savoury recipes, and green juices all benefit from the use of this curly leafy green.
b. Quinoa – A tasty complement to salads and a nutritious substitute for grains and pastas.
c. Turmeric – Contains the antioxidant and anti-inflammatory chemical curcumin, which is found only in this spice. This hip seasoning is showing up in all sorts of unexpected places.
d. Fermented Foods – Pickling is a time-honored method of food preservation that may be traced back thousands of years. Fiber-rich, vitamin-rich, and probiotic-rich, fermented foods also boost digestive health.


Social Media, Longevity

Share and Cite:

Hemant Chauhan, Food Fads and Brands Preferred by Youth, International Journal of Management (IJM), 10(4), 2019, pp. 352-363 doi:


[1] Story M, Holt K, Sofka D: Bright Futures in Practice: Nutrition. 2002, Arlington, VA, National Center for Education in Maternal and Child Health, 2nd

[2] Dietz William H., Stern Loraine, American Academy of Pediatrics.: American Academy of Pediatrics Guide to Your Child's Nutrition: Feeding Children of All Ages. 1999, New York, Villard Books, xiii, 234-1st

[3] Centers for Disease Control and Prevention: Guidelines for school health programs to promote lifelong healthy eating. Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report. 1996, 45: 1-37. 

[4] Perry CL, Story M, Lytle LA: Promoting healthy dietary behaviors. Healthy Children 2010: Enhancing Children's Wellness. Edited by: Weissberg RP, Gullotta TP, Hampton RL, Ryan BA and Adams GR. 1997, Thousand Oaks, CA, Sage, 8: 214-249.

[5] Cavadini C, Siega-Riz AM, Popkin BM: US adolescent food intake trends from 1965 to 1996. West J Med. 2000, 173: 378-383. 10.1136/ewjm.173.6.378.

[6] Nicklas TA, Elkasabany A, Srinivasan SR, Berenson G: Trends in nutrient intake of 10-year-old children over two decades (1973-1994): the Bogalusa Heart Study. Am J Epidemiol. 2001, 153: 969-977. 10.1093/aje/153.10.969.

[7] Neumark-Sztainer D, Story M, Hannan PJ, Croll J: Overweight status and eating patterns among adolescents: where do youths stand in comparison with the healthy people 2010 objectives?. Am J Public Health. 2002, 92: 844-851.

[8] Munoz KA, Krebs-Smith SM, Ballard-Barbash R, Cleveland LE: Food intakes of US children and adolescents compared with recommendations. Pediatrics. 1997, 100: 323-329.

[9] Jahns L, Siega-Riz AM, Popkin BM: The increasing prevalence of snacking among US children from 1977 to 1996. J Pediatr. 2001, 138: 493-498. 10.1067/mpd.2001.112162.

[10] Gleason Phil, Suitor Carol, US Food and Nutrition Service.: Children's diets in the mid-1990s: dietary intake and its relationship with school meal participation. Special nutrition programs; report no. CN-01-CD1. 2001, Alexandria, VA, US Dept of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service, 1 v. (various pagings)-

[11] Lin BH, Guthrie JF, Frazao E: American children's diets not making the grade. FoodReview. 2001, 24: 8-17.

[12] Gleason P, Suitor C: Food for thought: children's diets in the 1990s. 2001, Princeton, NJ, Mathematica Policy Research, Inc.

[13] US Department of Health and Human Services: The Surgeon General's call to action to prevent and decrease overweight and obesity. 2001, Rockville, MD, US Department of Health and Human Services, Public Health Service, Office of the Surgeon General

[14] Freedman DS, Dietz WH, Srinivasan SR, Berenson GS: The relation of overweight to cardiovascular risk factors among children and adolescents: the Bogalusa Heart Study. Pediatrics. 1999, 103: 1175-1182.

[15] American Diabetes Association: Type 2 diabetes in children and adolescents. Pediatrics. 2000, 105: 671-680.

[16] Story M, Neumark-Sztainer D, French S: Individual and environmental influences on adolescent eating behaviors. J Am Diet Assoc. 2002, 102: S40-51. 10.1016/S0002-8223(02)90421-9.

[17] Kraak V, Pelletier DL: The influence of commercialism on the food purchasing behavior of children and teenage youth. Family Economics and Nutrition Review. 1998, 11: 15-24.

[18] Kraak V, Pelletier DL: How marketers reach young consumers: Implications for nutrition education and health promotion campaigns. Family Economics and Nutrition Review. 1998, 11: 31-41.

[19] Consumers Union Education Services: Captive Kids: Commercial Pressures on Kids at School. 1995, Yonkers, NY, Consumers Union of United States

[20] Strasburger VC, Donnerstein E: Children, adolescents, and the media: issues and solutions. Pediatrics. 1999, 103: 129-139.

[21] Valkenburg PM: Media and youth consumerism. J Adolesc Health. 2000, 27: 52-56. 10.1016/S1054-139X (00)00132-4.

[22] Public Health Agency of Canada. Healthy living can prevent disease [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2017 Dec 18]. Available from: 

[23] Global Burden of Disease Study. Global, regional, and national comparative risk assessment of 84 behavioural, environmental and occupational, and metabolic risks or clusters of risks, 1990-2016: A systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2016. Lancet [Internet]. 2017 Sep 16 [cited 2017 Dec 5];390(10100):1345–422. Available from:

[24] Canadian Diabetes Association. 
Diabetes in Canada [Internet]. 2016 [cited 2017 Dec 4]. Available from: /getmedia/513a0f6c-b1c9-4e56-a77c-6a492bf7350f/diabetes-charter-backgrounder-national-english.pdf.aspx 

[25] World Obesity Federation. Trends in global obesity [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 21]. Available from: 

[26] Statistics Canada. Diabetes, 2016 [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 4]. Available from: 

[27] Krueger H, Koot J, Hall RE, O’Callaghan C, Bayley M, Corbett D. Prevalence of individuals experiencing the effects of stroke in Canada: Trends and projections. Stroke [Internet]. 2015 Aug 1 [cited 2017 Dec 6];46(8):2226–31. Available from: 

[28] Jessri M, Nishi S, L’Abbé M. Assessing the nutritional quality of diets of Canadian adults using the 2014 Health Canada Surveillance Tool Tier System. Nutrients [Internet]. 2015 Dec 12 [cited 2017 Nov 28];7(12):10447–68. Available from:

[29] Garriguet D. Canadians’ eating habits. Heal Rep [Internet]. [cited 2017 Dec 6];18(2):17–111 32. Available from:’+Eating+Habits   Government of Canada. Sodium in Canada [Internet]. 2017 [cited 2017 Dec 18]. Available from: 

[30] Brisbois TD, Marsden SL, Anderson GH, Sievenpiper JL. Estimated intakes and sources of total and added sugars in the Canadian diet. Nutrients [Internet]. 2014 May 8 [cited 2017 Nov 30];6(5):1899–912. Available from: 

[31] World Health Organization. Healthy diet [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2017 Dec 15]. Available from: 

[32] Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Institute for Health Information. Obesity in Canada [Internet]. 2011 [cited 2017 Dec 18]. Available from: 

[33] Statistics Canada. Overweight and obese adults (self-reported), 2014 [Internet]. 2015 [cited 2017 Dec 18]. Available from: 

[34] Guh DP, Zhang W, Bansback N, Amarsi Z, Birmingham CL, Anis AH. The incidence of co-morbidities related to obesity and overweight: A systematic review and meta-analysis. BMC Public Health [Internet]. 2009 Dec 25 [cited 2017 Dec 20];9(1):88. Available from:

[35] ABAC Scheme. (2014). Best practice for the responsible marketing of alcohol beverages in digital marketing: Retrieved from uploads/2014/06/ABAC-Responsible-Alcohol-Marketi ng-Code-30-4-14.pdf

[36] Alhabash, S., McALister, A. R., Quilliam, E. T., & Richards, J. I. (2015). Alcohol's getting a bit more social: When alcohol marketing messages on Facebook increase young adults’ iIntentions to imbibe. Mass Communi-cation and Society, 18(3), 350-375. doi:10.1080/ 15205436.2014.945651

[37] Anderson, P., de Bruijn, A., Angus, K., Gordon, R., & Has-tings, G. (2009). Impact of alcohol advertising and me-dia exposure on adolescent alcohol use: A systematic review of longitudinal studies. Alcohol and Alcoholism, 44(3), 229-243. doi:10.1093/alcalc/agn115

[38] Australian Institute of Health and Welfare. (2014). 2013 national drug strategy household survey. Retrieved from shs/2013/data-and-references

[39] Baskerville, N. B., Azagba, S., Norman, C., McKeown, K., & Brown, K. S. (2015). Effect of a digital social media campaign on young adult smoking cessation. Nico-tine & Tobacco Research. doi:10.1093/ntr/ntv119

[40] Beese, J. (2015, March 30). Please link responsibly: Social media guidelines for alcohol marketing. Sprout Social. Retrieved from insights/social-media-alcohol-marketing

[41] Bernat, D. H., Klein, E. G., & Forster, J. L. (2012). Smoking initiation during young adulthood: A longitudinal study of a population-based cohort. Journal of Ado-lescent Health, 51(5), 497-502. doi:10.1016/j.jado health.2012.02.017

[42] Cairns, G., Angus, K., & Hastings, G. (2009). The extent, nature and effects of food promotion to children: A review of the evidence to December 2008. World Health Organization.

[43] Carah, N., Meurk, C., & Angus, D. (2015). Online self-expression and experimentation as ‘reflectivism’: Us-ing text analytics to examine the participatory forum Hello Sunday Morning. Health: An Interdisciplinary Journal for the Social Study of Health, Illness and Medicine, 1-17. doi:10.1177/1363459315596799

[44] Carah, N., Meurk, C., & Hall, W. (2015). Profiling Hello Sunday Morning: Who are the participants? International Journal of Drug Policy, 26(2), 214-216. doi:10.1016/j.drugpo.2014.07.019

[45] Depue, J. B., Southwell, B. G., Betzner, A. E., & Walsh, B. M. (2015). Encoded exposure to tobacco use in social media predicts subsequent smoking behavior. Amer-ican Journal of Health Promotion, 29(4), 259-261. doi:10.4278/ajhp.130214-ARB-69

[46] DMR. (2015, November 11). By the numbers: 150+ in-tersting Instagram statistics. DMR. Retrieved from

[47] Dooley, J. A., Jones, S., & Iverson, D. (2012). Web 2.0: An assessment of social marketing principles. Journal of Social Marketing, 2(3), 207-221.

[48] European Centre for Monitoring Alcohol Marketing. (2014). Finland bans alcohol branded social media communication in 2015. Retrieved from http:// ed-social-media-communication-in-2015

[49] Facebook. (2014). Facebook reports fourth quarter and full year 2013 results [Press release].

[50] Facebook. (2015a). Facebook advertising policies. Facebook. Retrieved from https://www.facebook.

[51] Freeman, B., & Chapman, S. (2010). British American tobacco on Facebook: Undermining Article 13 of the global World Health Organization framework convention on tobacco control. Tobacco Control. doi:10.1136/tc.2009.032847.

[52] Freeman, B., Kelly, B., Baur, L., Chapman, K., Chapman, S., Gill, T., & King, L. (2014). Digital junk: Food and beverage marketing on Facebook. American Journal of Public Health, 104(12), 56-64. doi:10.2105/ajph. 2014.302167

[53] Korda, H., &Itani, Z. (2013). Harnessing social media for health promotion and behavior change. Health Pro-motion Practice, 14(1), 15-23. doi:10.1177/15248 39911405850

[54] Lenhart, A. (2015, April 9). Teens, social media & technology overview 2015. Pew Research Center. Retrieved from: yBI

[55] Liang, Y., Zheng, X., Zeng, D. D., Zhou, X., Leischow, S. J., & Chung, W. (2015). Exploring how the tobacco in-dustry presents and promotes itself in social media. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 17(1). doi:10.2196/jmir.3665

[56] Litt, D. M., & Stock, M. L. (2011). Adolescent alcohol-related risk cognitions: The roles of social norms and social networking sites. Psychology of Addictive Be-haviors, 25(4), 708-713.

[57] Lovato, C., Linn, G., Stead, L. F., & Best, A. (2003). Impact

[58] Media and Communication, 2016, Volume 4, Issue 3, Pages 35-49 47

[59] of tobacco advertising and promotion on increasing adolescent smoking behaviors. Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews. doi:10.1002/14651858.CD00 3439

[60] Mart, S., Mergendoller, J., & Simon, M. (2009). Alcohol promotion on Facebook. Journal of Global Drug Poli-cy and Practice, 3(3).

[61] Montgomery, K. C., Chester, J., Grier, S. A., &Dorfman, L. (2012). The new threat of digital marketing. Pediatric Clinics of North America, 59(3), 659-675. doi:10. 1016/j.pcl.2012.03.022

[62] National Cancer Institute. (2008). The role of the media in promoting and reducing tobacco use. Tobacco Control Monograph, No. 19. Bethesda, MD: U.S. Department of Health and Human Services.

[63] SAMHSA. (2013). Table 2.46B—Alcohol use, binge alcohol use, and heavy alcohol use in the past month among persons aged 18 or older, by demographic characteristics: Percentages, 2012 and 2013. National Survey on Drug Use and Health. Retrieved from: files/NSDUH-DetTabsPDFWHTML2013/Web/HTML/ NSDUH-DetTabsSect2peTabs43to84-2013.htm#tab2. 46b

[64] World Health Organization. (2010). Set of recommenda-tions on the marketing of foods and non-alcoholic beverages to children. Retrieved from http://

[65] World Health Organization. (2011). mHealth: New hori-zons for health through mobile technologies. Global observatory for eHealth series (Vol. 3). Geneva: World Health Organization.

[66] YouTube. (2015). Statistics. YouTube. Retrieved from

[67] YPulse. (2015). #FoodPorn: The growing influence of social food. YPulse. Retrieved from www.ypulse. com/post/view/foodporn-the-growing-influence-of-social-food


[69] (

[70] Exposure to fad diet advertising among youth and young adults in Canada

[71] Marketing to Youth in the Digital Age: The Promotion of Unhealthy Products and Health Promoting Behaviours on Social Media




International Journal of Management (IJM) is indexed in Scope Database from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Web of Science (Clarivate Analytics)

Total citation of 4975 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot


Total citation of 131 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Google Scholar

Total citation of 4470 from IJM Journal published from 2010 to 2021, H-index - 21, i10_index - 105

Please click the following link to see thescreenshot

Scope Database Source link

Our IAEME Publication journals are indexed in various indexing search engines given below

Aim and Scope

      International Journal of Management(IJM) is a peer-reviewed, Online and Print journal published by IAEME Publication. IJM aims at providing an intellectual platform for high quality research encompassing all the sub-domains of Management.

      IJM is an international forum for research that advances the theory and practice of management. The journal publishes original works with practical significance and academic value. Authors are invited to submit theoretical or empirical papers in all aspects of management. International Journal of Management (IJM) publishes research articles, case studies and reviews within the whole field of Management Research, and it will continue to provide information on the latest trends and developments in management subject.

Chief Editor

Prof. B. Arthi Gandhimathi - PRJ Publication, India

Managing Editor

Dr. S.Balasubramanian - IAEME Publication, India

Dr. Pon Ramalingam - Hindustan University, India

Dr. K.K.Ramachandran - GRD Institute of Management, India

Dr. J. Joseph Francis - Karunya University, India

Associate Editor

Dr. V. Antony Joe Raja - Sri Muthukumaran Institute of Technology, India

Er. N. Tamil Selvan - RVS College of Engineering & Technology, Coimbatore, India

Mr. N. Anandharaj, M.Phil., - Asst. Prof., Department of Commerce, Muthayammal College of Arts & Science, Rasipuram, India

Editorial Board

Dr. D. Paul Dhinakaran - Assistant Professor, Department of Commerce, Jayagovind Harigopal Agarsen College of Arts & Science, Chennai, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Georgios palaiologos - Royal University for Women, Bahrain

Dr. V. Raghu raman - Senior faculty member- Ibra College of Technology-Oman.

Dr. R. Ravikumar - Tamilnadu Agricultural University,TamilNadu, India.

Dr. A.R.Krishnan - SRM University, Tamilnadu,India.

Dr. Iosif cornel - National Institute of Statistics, Romania

Dr. Pratap Raghunath Desai - Bharati Vidyapeeth University,Maharashtra.

Dr. Aikaterini koskina - Keele University, UK.

Dr. Ashok G. Matani - Govt. College of Engineering Amravati, India.

Dr. R.Wranton perez St.Joseph’s College of Engg.&Tech, TANZANIA. - St.Joseph’s College of Engg.&Tech, TANZANIA.

Dr. A.K. Garg - MIT, India.

Dr. Leandro torres di - Fluminense Federal University, Brazil.

Dr. Hamid saremi - Azad Islamic University of Iran-Quchan Branch, Iran.

Dr. Nawab ali khan - Salman Bin Abdulaziz University ,Kharj, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Alka swami - Govt. College of Engineering & Technology Bikaner , India.

Dr. Shivakumar deene - Central University of Karnataka, India.

Dr. N. Mahesh - Dhanraj Baid Jain Institute of Management, India.

Dr. Christine palani - Management Consultant, India.

Dr. K.S.Meenakshisundaram - Dr.Bala V Balachandar Campus, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Dr. Samson O. Fadiya - Girne American University, North Cyprus

Dr. Wilson Udo Udofia - University of Uyo, Nigeria

Dr. N. SHAIKMOHAMED - Jamal Mohamed College(Autonomous) Tiruchirappalli, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Manu Melwin Joy - Ilahia College of Engineering and Technology, India

Dr. Subrata Chattopadhyay - Future Institute of Engineering and Management, India

Dr. Venkata Sai Srinivasa Rao Muramalla - Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Kingdom of Saudi Arabia

Dr. V. Sowdamini - Pydah College of Engg&Technology, Viskhapatnam, India

Dr. J. Khaja Sheriff - University of Madras, Tamilnadu, India

Prof. Melnyk Alona Alekseevna - Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design, Ukraine

Dr. S.Senthil Kumar - SRM Institute of Science and Technology, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Achmad Kautsar - Universitas Negeri Surabaya, Indonesia

Dr. M M Bagali - Acharya Institute of Technology, India

Dr. Sapan Kumar Gupta - Amity University, India

Dr. J.Rengamani - AMET Business School AMET University, India

Dr. D.Rajasekar - AMET Business School, AMET University, India

Dr. Stephen M. A. Muathe - Kenyatta University, Nairobi, Kenya

Dr. TCHITCHOUA Jean - University of Yaoundé 2-Soa, Cameroon

Dr. Miao-Shen Chen - Nanhua University, Taiwan

Dr. Ralf Müller - BI Norwegian Business School, Norway

Dr. Esmat Ara - Shahjalal University of Science & Technology, Sylhet, Bangladesh

Dr. Musaddag Elrayah - King Faisal University, School of Business, Hofuf, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Rami A. Maher - Isra University Amman, Jordan

Dr. Arkadiusz Mironko - Indiana University East, United States

Dr. M. Selvam - Alagappa University, India

Dr. Syaikhul Falah - Cendrawasih University, Indonesia

Dr. R. Chroqui - University Hassan the 1st, 26000 Settat, Morocco

Dr. Buchari Lapau - Pekanbaru Hang Tuah Institute of Health, Riau Province, Indonesia

Dr. Matthias Kammer - Technical University of Munich, Germany

Dr. Anni Arnav - Dayananda Sagar University, Karnataka, India

Dr. Dinh Tran Ngoc Huy - International University of Japan - Banking University HCM city Vietnam

Dr. K. Rakesh - MVGR College of Engineering, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. K. Rajalakshmi - Shri Shankarlal Sundarbai Shasun Jain College for Women, Chennai, India

Dr. Aluregowda - PES College of Engineering, Karnataka, India

Prof. Iryna Bashynska - Odessa National Polytechnic University, Odessa, Ukraine

Dr. P. Venkaiah Babuu - Eswar College of Engineering, Narasaraopet, Andhra Pradesh, India

Dr. Fahd Alduais - Department of Accounting, National Institute of administrative Sciences, Ibb, Yemen

Dr. Narcisa Roxana Moşteanu - Professor of Finance, Business Administration Department, American University of Malta, Bormla, Malta

Prof. Devi Prasad Misra - Professor, Department of Business Management, Fakir Mohan University, Odisha, India

Dr. P. Jagadeesan - Management Studies & Commerce, Vels Institute of Science, Technology & Advanced Studies (VISTAS), Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Raghavendra GS - Researcher, University of Mysore, Karnataka, India; Managing Director Geloof Industries Pvt Ltd, Bangalore, India

Dr. Shankar Lingam. Macharla - National Institute of Rural Development and Panchayati Raj (NIRDPR), Telangana, India

Dr. Priyanka Dave - Academician, Researcher and, L & D Consultant, USA

Prof. Ernest Ofori Asamoah - Dean, School of Business, Regent University College of Science and Technology, Accra, Ghana

Dr. Mithun Gaur - PGDM (Marketing & IT), BIMM Pune, India.

Prof. Devi Prasad Misra - Head and Dean, Department of Business Management, F.M. University, Vyasa Vihar Balasore, Odisha, India.

Prof. S. Umamaheswari - Assistant Professor, School of management studies, Sathyabama university, Chennai, India.

Dr. Arun Singhal - Associate Professor, Bule Hora University, Bule Hora City, Ethiopia, Africa.

Dr. Virupaxi Bagodi - Principal, Government Engineering College, Talakal, India.

Dr. Anish K Ravi - Chennai Business School , India

Dr. FATEMA NUSRAT CHOWDHURY - Assistant Professor, Department of Real Estate, Faculty of Business and Entrepreneurship Daffodil International University, Bangladesh

Dr. Dilnaz Muneeb - Abu Dhabi University, United Arab Emirates

Dr. Trilok Kumar Jain - Professor and Dean,International School of Business Management (ISBM),Suresh Gyan Vihar University Jaipur, India

Dr. Anamika Rawat - Associate Professor, Department of Management Studies, SRK University, Bhopal, India

Dr. Anita Walia - Associate Professor, Center for Management Studies, Jain Deemed to be University, Bangalore, India.

Mr. C. Jagadeesh Vikram - IAEME Publication, India

Dr. K. Sreenivasaiah - Special officer Academics Joint Director office Mangalore and Asst. Professor of Economics Govt First Grade College For Women’s, Mangalore, Karnataka

Dr. Sriya Chakravarti - Higher Colleges of Technology, Abu Dhabi, United Arab Emirate

Mr. Mathew Abraham - IT SAP Finance, Schlumberger-Digital Enterprise Systems–SAP ECC, Houston, USA

Dr. Anu Antony - Associate Professor, Department of Commerce, Kristu Jyoti College of Management and Technology, Kerala, India

Mr. Venkata Naga Satya Surendra Chimakurthi - Solutions Architect, Cognizant Technology Solutions, USA

Dr. V. Suresh Kumar - Head & Asst. Professor, Research Department of Business Administration, Rajah Serfoji Govt. College (Autonomous), Thanjavur, Tamilnadu, India.

Dr. Madhavi Madireddy - Professor in Management and Director, Aurora’s PG College, Ramanthapur, Hyderabad, India

Dr. Subramanian Shanmugam - Associate Professor, Department of Commerce & Business Studies, School of Management, Central University of South Bihar, India

Prof. Suneetha. Naisa - Associate Professor, Department of M.B.A, Pulla Reddy Institute of Computer Science, Telangana, India

Dr. Dr. K. Abdus Samad - Jamal Institute of Management, Trichy, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. T. Snekalatha - Professor and Head, Department of Commerce Accounting and Taxation, Dr. N.G.P Arts and Science college, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. B.Jeeva Rekha - Assistant Professor, PG and Research Department of Commerce, Sri Vasavi College, Erode, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. S.S. Onyx Nathanael Nirmal Raj - Assistant Professor & Research Supervisor, Department of Business Administration, VELS UNIVERSITY, Pallavaram, Chennai, India

Dr. K.M. Chinnadorai - Principal, Kamban College of Arts & Science, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Mrs. D.Shalini - Assistant Professor, RVS Institute of Management Studies, Coimbatore, Tamilnadu, India

Dr. Vikram Mohanlal Agrawal - Assistant Professor, Computer Engineering Department, B & B Institute of Technology (SFI), Gujarat, India

Mr. Leelakumar Raja Lekkala - Senior Data Analyst (Grade 28) (Remote) – CHART ANALYTICS, Optum Services Inc, Minnetonka, MN, USA

Reviewer Board

Dr. N.Shani - Professor, Department of Business Administration, Nehru arts and science college, Coimbatore, India

Dr. T. Manvel Raj - Mohamed Sathak A.J.College of Engineering, India

Dr. Dhanuraj - Management Consultant, India

Prof. Sanobar Anjum - Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Saudi Arabia

Er. Deepika Ttiwari - Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, India

Er. Gajendra Naidu.J - ATMA, India

Dr. S.Saiganesh - Dayananda Sagar Business School, India

Dr. Bamrara.A - HNB Garhwal University, India

Dr. N.Shani - Professor, Department of Business Administration, Nehru arts and science college, Coimbatore, India

Dr. T. Manvel Raj - Mohamed Sathak A.J.College of Engineering, India

Dr. Dhanuraj - Management Consultant, India

Prof. Sanobar Anjum - Prince Mohammad Bin Fahd University, Saudi Arabia

Dr. Deepika Ttiwari - Sikkim Manipal Institute of Technology, India

Dr. Gajendra Naidu.J - ATMA, India

Dr. S.Saiganesh - Dayananda Sagar Business School, India

Dr. Bamrara.A - HNB Garhwal University, India

Dr. Hari Sundar.G. Ram - Sree Narayana Gurukulam College of Engineering, India

Dr. Anshul Gangele - Institute of Technology & Management, India

Dr. Davinder Sharma - BCIPS, India

Prof. Srinivas K T - CIMS - B School, India

Dr. B.Ravi Kumar - Sree Vidyanikethan Engineering College, India

Dr. Rajesh U Kanthe - BVDU, India

Dr. Swaranjeet Arora - Prestige Institute of Management and Research, Indore, India

Dr. A.Selvaraj - Gobi Arts and Science College,Tamilnadu, India

Dr. M.A.Lahori - Anekant Institute of Management Studies, Baramati, Pune, India

Dr. V. Antony Joe Raja - Prince Group of Companies, Chennai, India

Prof. Shraddha Chowdhary - Kasturba Gandhi College for Women, Secunderabad, India

Dr. Sivanesan R - St.Jerome's College of Arts and Science,Tamilnadu, India

Prof. Shraddha Mayuresh Bhome - Future Institute Of Engineering and Management and Future Business School, India

Dr. V.Rama Devi - Sikkim Central University, Sikkim, India

For Authors

Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted.
Regardless of the source of the word-processing tool, only electronic PDF or MS-Word files can be submitted through the online submission system. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to

Paper title (14 Bold)- Capital Letter

First Author1, Second Author2 (13 Bold- Times New Roman)

1(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

2(Department, College/ University Name, Address, Country Name, Email) (12)

ABSTRACT (12 Bold)

The abstract should summarize the content of the paper. Try to keep the abstract below 350 words. Do not make references nor display equations in the abstract. The journal will be printed from the same-sized copy prepared by you. Your manuscript should be printed on A4 paper (21.0 cm x 29.7 cm). It is imperative that the margins and style described below be adhered to carefully. This will enable us to keep uniformity in the final printed copies of the Journal. Please keep in mind that the manuscript you prepare will be photographed and printed as it is received. Readability of copy is of paramount importance.(12)

Keywords (12 Bold) : About five key words in alphabetical order, separated by comma (12)


The introduction of the paper should explain the nature of the problem, previous work, purpose, and the contribution of the paper. The contents of each section may be provided to understand easily about the paper. (12)


The headings and subheadings, starting with "1. Introduction", appear in upper and lower case letters and should be set in bold and aligned flush left. All headings from the Introduction to Acknowledgements are numbered sequentially using 1, 2, 3, etc. Subheadings are numbered 1.1, 1.2, etc. If a subsection must be further divided, the numbers 1.1.1, 1.1.2, etc.

The font size for heading is 12 points bold face and subsections with 12 points and not bold. Do not underline any of the headings, or add dashes, colons, etc. (12)


The first paragraph under each heading or subheading should be flush left, and subsequent paragraphs should have a five-space indentation. A colon is inserted before an equation is presented, but there is no punctuation following the equation. All equations are numbered and referred to in the text solely by a number enclosed in a round bracket (i.e., (3) reads as "equation 3"). Ensure that any miscellaneous numbering system you use in your paper cannot be confused with a reference [4] or an equation (3) designation. (12)


To ensure a high-quality product, diagrams and lettering MUST be either computerdrafted or drawn using India ink.

Figure captions appear below the figure, are flush left, and are in lower case letters.When referring to a figure in the body of the text, the abbreviation "Fig." is used. Figures should be numbered in the order they appear in the text.

Table captions appear centered above the table in upper and lower case letters. When referring to a table in the text, no abbreviation is used and "Table" is capitalized. (12). Figures and tables should be included in the running text itself


A conclusion section must be included and should indicate clearly the advantages, limitations, and possible applications of the paper. Although a conclusion may review the main points of the paper, do not replicate the abstract as the conclusion. A conclusion might elaborate on the importance of the work or suggest applications and extentions. (12)


An acknowledgement section may be presented after the conclusion, if desired.( 12)


This heading is not assigned a number.

A reference list MUST be included using the following information as a guide. Only cited text references are included. Each reference is referred to in the text by a number enclosed in a square bracket (i.e., [3]). References must be numbered and ordered according to where they are first mentioned in the paper, NOT alphabetically.

Examples follow:

ournal Papers:

[1] M Ozaki, Y. Adachi, Y. Iwahori, and N. Ishii, Application of fuzzy theory to writer recognition of Chinese characters, International Journal of Modelling and Simulation, 18(2), 1998, 112-116. (12)


[2] R.E. Moore, Interval analysis (Englewood Cliffs, NJ: Prentice-Hall, 1966). (12) Note that the title of the book is in lower case letters and italicized. There is no comma following the title. Place of publication and publisher are given.

Chapters in Books:

[3] P.O. Bishop, Neurophysiology of binocular vision, in J.Houseman (Ed.), Handbook of physiology, 4 (New York: Springer-Verlag, 1970) 342-366. (12) Note that the place of publication, publisher, and year of publication are enclosed in brackets. Editor of book is listed before book title.


[4] D.S. Chan, Theory and implementation of multidimensional discrete systems for signal processing, doctoral diss., Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA, 1978. (12)

Proceedings Papers:

[5] W.J. Book, Modelling design and control of flexible manipulator arms: A tutorial review, Proc. 29th IEEE Conf. on Decision and Control, San Francisco, CA, 1990, 500-506 (12)

Manuscripts not adhering to journal guidelines will be returned to authors without scientific evaluation. Submitted manuscripts adhering to journal guidelines are reviewed by the Editor-in-Chief or an Editor, who will assign them to reviewers. The review process is double blind. The Editor prepares a decision letter according to the comments of the reviewers, which is sent to the corresponding author. All non-reviewed manuscripts are sent back within 10 days and the decision letters of manuscripts are sent within 4 weeks.
Open Access authors retain the copyrights of their papers, and all open access articles are distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, CC BY (or the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial License CC BY-NC), which allows users to (noncommercially) copy, use, distribute, transmit and display the work publicly and to make and distribute derivative works, in any digital medium for any responsible purpose, subject to proper attribution of authorship.
The use of general descriptive names, trade names, trademarks, and so forth in this publication, even if not specifically identified, does not imply that these names are not protected by the relevant laws and regulations.
While the advice and information in this journal are believed to be true and accurate on the date of its going to press, neither the authors, the editors, nor the publisher can accept any legal responsibility for any errors or omissions that may be made. The publisher makes no warranty, express or implied, with respect to the material contained herein.
IAEME Publication is committed to maintaining high standards through a rigorous peer-review together with strict ethical policies. Any infringements of professional ethical codes, such as plagiarism, fraudulent use of data, bogus claims of authorship, should be taken very seriously by the editors with zero tolerance..
IAEME Publication follows the Code of Conduct of the Committee on Publication Ethics (COPE), and follows the COPE Flowcharts for Resolving Cases of Suspected Misconduct.
Please find more general information for authors on the page: Information for Authors.

IAEME Publication Fees

IAEME Publication charges an Article Processing Charge (APC) once an article is accepted for publication. These charges cover the costs of turning a manuscript into a finished article, as well as the costs of hosting, distributing and promoting an article.

Article Processing Charges explained

We are committed to making the costs of publishing as clear as possible and so the charges for each journal are clearly displayed on each journal`s homepage.

When a manuscript is submitted, it passes through the many different departments at Hindawi to ensure the quality checks, peer review, production and promotion of articles is carried out in a timely manner and to a high standard:

✔ The Editorial Screening team, who perform initial technical and ethical checks

✔ The Editorial team, who help the journal`s Academic Editors manage the review process

✔ The Production team, who convert the manuscript to a professionally typeset article and well-structured file format

✔ The Proofing team, who coordinate the proofing process through Hindawi`s Online Proofing System (OPS)

✔ The Editorial Quality Assurance team, who perform a final check to ensure that the manuscript and its review process adhere to the journal`s guidelines and policies

✔ Our Marketing and Communication teams, who ensure your article receives the attention it deserves.

✔ The Technology team, who build and maintain our systems, and develop new systems

The work these teams do contribute to the requirement of an APC and is why the actual amount payable varies depending on the journal in which you wish to publish your article.

IAEME Publication does not request Article Submission Charges, also called Submission Fees. These are due at the time of submission of the manuscript. Nor does IAEME charge per page or for color figures or for any other items for which other publishers are known to charge.

Sources for Article Processing Charges (APC)

Authors of an article are responsible for arranging the payment of APC. Still, that typically does not mean that authors end up paying for the publication of the article. The cost of APC is very often assumed either by the organization funding the research published in the article, or by an Open Access Publishing Fund, or by the institution at which the author is employed.

Fair Dealing - Authors and Publisher

When an author submits a manuscript for review at one of IAEME`s journals, the submitted manuscript should not have been previously published in any form and must not be currently under consideration for publication elsewhere. The manuscript should also not be submitted to any other journal during the review process at IAEME Publication. In case the review process at IAEME takes much longer than stated and the author wishes to end the review process at IAEME, he/she should get in contact with the Editorial Assistant of the journal at IAEME and come to an agreement suitable for both sides after looking at the stage of the manuscript in the review process.

With the APC specified above, the author is given an indication what the APC will be. IAEME is charging Publication Fees (APC) but not Submission Fees. This is to the benefit to authors because payments are only due once the author knows the manuscript is accepted. IAEME with editors and reviewers puts much effort in dealing with the manuscript and expects the authors to stick to the common plan of publishing the paper which is linked to payments of APC as given above at the end of the review process. The author is not legally bound at this time, but it would be seen as a strong breach of academic conduct to back off from the publication process. Once the manuscript is accepted for publication, IAEME will issue an invoice in the Paper Submission and Manuscript Tracking System. This is IAEME `s legal offer and will state the regular APC of the journal. The Corresponding Author is expected to arrange payments of the amount stated at this time. In severe cases IAEME `s Complaints Procedure can be followed and the result of this should be binding to the author.

Refund Policy

Once an article has been accepted for publication, any Article Processing Charges on the article become due. The submitting author accepts responsibility for the Article Processing Charges, and will not issue refunds of any kind except those payments made by mistake or in excess of the amount required.

Subject Area
The topics to be covered by this journal include but are not limited to the following fields:

• Management Information System
• Decision Sciences
• Economics
• Management Sciences
• Econometrics and Finance
• Business/Management and Accounting
• Human Resource Management
• Organizational Behaviour
• International and Strategic Management
• Marketing/Rural Marketing
• International Business and Ethics
• Accounting and Finance Management
• Economics Policy
• Technology and Operations Management
• Strategic Planning
• Entrepreneurship
• Public Relation

• History

• Production and Operation Management
• Human Resources Management
• Marketing Management
• Retail Management
• Banking and Insurance Management
• Financial Analysis
• Risk Management
• Knowledge Management
• Stress Management
• Business Process Re-Engineering and Value Engineering
• Software Project and Quality Management
• Brand and Customer Relationship Management
• Business Process Outsourcing
• Case Studies in Management
• Supply Chain Management
• Consumer Survey and Research
• Data Analysis and Presentation

• English

• Social Science


IJM Journal Stats

Publication years 2010-2023
Publication count 4693
Total Volumes 14
Total Issues 104
Downloads 258511
Views 722142
Downloads/article 55.08

Journal Statistics

Citation Analysis

Google Scholar
Research Bible

Related Journals

Create Account

Log In Your Account